Emergence and the Planner
Just as the Planner has developed in response to the users so the practices
of the users have developed in response to the potential uses of the Planner.
That is, the Planner (as a tool) and associated practices have enabled and
constrained each other - they emergence emergence simultaneously.
1. Whole school approach
Many staff/schools are achieving a significant shift in approach (aware or
unconscious). Increasingly people are moving towards arrangements that are
- whole school
- part of the school culture
rather than being exceptional, special, different...
That is, more of what is done is
(a) situated in the life and work of the whole school rather than being
seen as exceptional, special, different...
(b) proving to be more effective as an activity rather than a unique attempt
at some one-off treatment...
(c) integrated into 'how we do things around here ' both systematically and
There is increasing awareness of the connection between
- knowledge and
That is, that, in our everyday conversations, we continually construct and
reconstruction the knowledge and arrangements we need in order to act.
3. A developmental sequence
The shift in people's thinking seems to require them to work through a range
of stages - there do not seem to be any easy
short cuts. Initially most people want to
- document the incidents (prove the problem students guilty?)
- put in counter measures (before real support?)
- train the students (before learning what works; and about us as a school?)
And it seems that schools can only get past these stages when they have
Interesting schools don't change from doing one thing to the next but adopt an
expanded approach in which their new focus includes consideration of the
previous focus: e.g., real support includes some natural counter measures (often
by choice and agreement) such as 'When things start to get difficult move
away' rather than banning access to certain situations.
All of this seems (to me) to be natural. The important result is that people are
moving away from behaviour management and consequences to solutions: things that
make it easier for everyone to achieve success and well-being.
4. The breakthrough
The breakthrough seems to occur when users engage in
students and their families. The contribution of the Planner (or similar) is
- can be a useful reference point for conversations
- shows that the school cares and is well informed (lots schools report this
- can be used to capture commitments on the spot making collaboration explicit*
- shows and reports progress
At one school some ISPs included items parent actions, e.g., for one
student one ISP action coming out of the recent parent teacher meeting was
- "Tr and parent will prompt/encourage Jason to use positive self talk"
5. Action learning
The above is indicative of
Our activities & practices result in
- explicit knowledge
- experience which leads to tacit knowledge
The learning occurs as a result of insightful questions that expand and
confirm the explicit knowledge available. The resulting actions are likely to be
more successful and benefit all concerned when
- explicit knowledge is captured (as in the Planner) and
- insightful questions are considered in everyday conversations between all
That is, the participants function as a
practice contributing to each other's success and well-being.
So much to learn!! Please share your learning with the